WASHINGTON (WFLA) – The U.S. Senate voted against calling additional witnesses in President Donald Trump’s impeachment trial on Friday.
Senators largely voted along party lines. Two Republicans – Sen. Susan Collins of Maine and Sen. Mitt Romney of Utah – voted with Democrats to call for additional witnesses. The final vote was 51-49.
Here’s how each senator voted:
Sen. Lamar Alexander (R-TN): No
Sen. Alexander, who is retiring at the end of his term this year and was considered a swing vote, released a statement late Thursday night to announce he would vote against calling additional witnesses.
“It was inappropriate for the president to ask a foreign leader to investigate his political opponent and to withhold United States aid to encourage that investigation,” Alexander said. “But the Constitution does not give the Senate the power to remove the president from office and ban him from this year’s ballot simply for actions that are inappropriate.”
Sen. Tammy Baldwin (D-WI): Yes
Sen. Baldwin voiced support for calling witnesses Friday morning when she tweeted a link to a New York Times report on former national security adviser John Bolton’s book. Bolton is one of the witnesses Democrats want to call to testify.
“Testimony and direct evidence from John Bolton would go to the heart of this impeachment trial- abuse of power and obstruction of Congress. The American people want the truth. John Bolton has it and the Senate cannot vote to ignore it,” Baldwin said.
Sen. John Barrasso (R-WY): No
During a news conference Thursday, Sen. Barrasso said it’s time to vote on impeachment.
“After about 120 questions, it seems to me that the House #impeachment managers have failed to make the case,” he said in a tweet.
Sen. Michael Bennet (D-CO): Yes
Sen. Bennet, who is running for president in 2020, tweeted Thursday night saying the Senate needs to demand witnesses and evidence.
“We do not live in a country where the president is above the law. And we can’t let them turn us into one,” he said. “We have to demand witnesses. We have to demand evidence. We have to demand a fair trial.”
Sen. Marsha Blackburn (R-TN): No
Sen. Blackburn tweeted a video message before the Senate convened on Friday saying she would vote no to calling more witnesses.
“It’s not the Senate’s responsibility to hold an impeachment do-over,” she said.
Sen. Richard Blumenthal (D-CT): Yes
Sen. Blumenthal tweeted a video message Thursday night criticizing Senate Republicans for opposing new witnesses and documents.
“As we ask our questions, Republicans sadly seem to be hardening their stance against witnesses & documents. Even as they complain about a lack of information, they are saying they don’t need any more facts. They cannot have it both ways,” he said.
Sen. Roy Blunt (R-MO): No
Sen. Blunt tweeted an audio clip of his appearance on a radio show Thursday saying, “House Democrats can’t bring a half-baked case to the Senate and expect us to make something of it. These are two of the weakest articles of impeachment you could possibly have.”
Sen. Cory Booker (D-NJ): Yes
Sen. Booker, who recently dropped out of the presidential race, tweeted Thursday night saying “we won’t stop voting for witnesses until the last vote is counted.”
“The truth is at our fingertips—it would be shameful if the Senate deliberately chose not to see it,” he added.
Sen. John Boozman (R-AR): No
Sen. Boozman has not released an official statement yet about his decision.
Sen. Mike Braun (R-IN): No
Sen. Braun released a statement Wednesday saying he did not think additional testimony was needed.
“After watching the House cobble together a flimsy case and listening to all of the arguments from both sides, I do not believe we need additional testimony to prolong this trial,” he said.
Sen. Sherrod Brown (D-OH): Yes
Sen. Brown stood with several other Democratic senators Friday morning to call for witnesses in the impeachment trial.
Sen. Richard Burr (R-NC): No
Sen. Burr has not released an official statement yet and has not tweeted about his decision.
Sen. Maria Cantwell (D-WA): Yes
Sen. Cantwell has not released an official statement yet and has not tweeted about her decision.
Sen. Shelley Moore Capito (R-WV): No
Sen. Moore tweeted a video message on Friday explaining why she would vote no on additional witnesses.
Sen. Benjamin Cardin (D-MD): Yes
Sen. Cardin released a statement and video on Wednesday saying witnesses and documents are needed to ensure a fair trial.
Sen. Thomas Carper (D-DE): Yes
Sen. Carper submitted a question during the impeachment trial on Wednesday on calling additional witnesses.
Sen. Robert Casey (D-PA): Yes
Sen. Casey has been a vocal supporter of calling witnesses and documents. He tweeted Friday urging Americans to call their senators to demand a fair trial.
Sen. Bill Cassidy (R-LA): No
Sen. Cassidy has not released a statement on witnesses and has not tweeted about his decision but did tweet a video Thursday about the impeachment being a partisan process.
Sen. Susan Collins (R-ME): Yes
Sen. Collins, who was considered a swing vote, released a statement Thursday saying she will vote in support of witnesses and documents to be subpoenaed.
Sen. Christopher Coons (D-DE): Yes
Sen. Coons tweeted a New York Times article Friday with the brief message, “Bolton needs to testify. This is ridiculous.”
Sen. John Cornyn (R-TX): No
Sen. Cornyn wrote several tweets Friday indicating he was against witnesses.
“All of the sworn testimony from House impeachment inquiry from 17 witnesses, as well as the documents received, was available and used in the #ImpeachmentTrial by both the House and POTUS,” he said. “It is simply false to claim that there were no witnesses.”
Sen. Catherine Cortez Masto (D-NV): Yes
Sen. Cortez Masto has not released a statement about her decision.
Sen. Tom Cotton (R-AR): No
Sen. Cotton has not released a statement about his decision.
Sen. Kevin Cramer (R-ND): No
Sen. Cramer appeared on CNN Friday morning and said it was time to put the impeachment trial behind us.
“Democrats have failed to make the case for impeaching @realDonaldTrump, and no witness would change that,” he said.
Sen. Mike Crapo (R-ID): No
Sen. Crapo has not released a statement about his decision.
Sen. Ted Cruz (R-TX): No
In a Friday morning tweet, Sen. Cruz said he would vote against hearing from additional witnesses.
“We’ve heard enough. It’s time to acquit @realDonaldTrump,” he said, along with a link to a Politico article about Joe Biden arguing against witnesses in 1999.
Sen. Steve Daines (R-MT): No
Sen. Daines appeared on Fox News Friday morning saying the Senate heard enough.
“It’s time to acquit @realDonaldTrump and let the people decide 2020,” he tweeted with a clip of his segment.
Sen. Tammy Duckworth (D-IL): Yes
Sen. Duckworth has been a vocal supporter of calling for additional witnesses to ensure a fair trial.
Sen. Dick Durbin (D-IL): Yes
Sen. Durbin appeared on several news outlets Friday morning, calling for witnesses and documents.
Sen. Michael Enzi (R-WY): No
Sen. Enzi has not released a statement on his decision.
Sen. Joni Ernst (R-IA): No
Sen. Ernst has not released a statement on her decision.
Sen. Dianne Feinstein (D-CA): Yes
Sen. Feinstein released a statement Wednesday calling for John Bolton’s testimony.
“Bolton is potentially a firsthand, corroborating witness to information that has been placed in evidence-based on his direct interactions with the president,” she said. “The decision the Senate must make is whether we hear from John Bolton now – testimony that may well have a determining factor in senators’ consideration of their votes – or if we postpone learning what he has to say until his book comes out in March.”
Sen. Deb Fischer (R-NE): No
Sen. Fischer released a statement Friday morning saying it’s time to vote on the articles of impeachment.
“Conducting an impeachment investigation is not the responsibility of the Senate, but the House. The House managers have presented 192 video clips containing testimony from 13 witnesses and submitted more than 28,000 pages of documents,” she said. “All senators have before them the evidence the House used to pass their articles of impeachment.”
Sen. Cory Gardner (R-CO): No
Sen. Gardner has not released a statement on his decision.
Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY): Yes
Sen. Gillibrand has not released an official statement but did ask a question Thursday about having a trial without witnesses or relevant evidence.
Sen. Lindsey Graham (R-SC): No
In a statement released Wednesday, Sen. Graham said additional testimony is unnecessary.
“For the sake of argument, one could assume everything attributable to John Bolton is accurate and still the House case would fall well below the standards to remove a president from office,” he said.
Sen. Chuck Grassley (R-IA): No
Sen. Grassley has not released a statement about his decision.
Sen. Kamala Harris (D-CA): Yes
Sen. Harris, who dropped her presidential bid recently, was one of several Senate Democrats to hold a news conference Friday morning calling for witnesses.
“The American people – the vast majority of the American public – want this United States Senate to produce the new evidence,” she said. “The only place this is being debated between Republicans and Democrats is not among the American people – it is here in the United States Senate.”
Sen. Maggie Hassan (D-NH): Yes
Sen. Hassan has not released a statement on witnesses and has not tweeted about her decision.
Sen. Josh Hawley (R-MO): No
Sen. Hawley has tweeted several articles this past week saying he’s against calling new witnesses.
“We’ve heard the evidence. They don’t have a case,” he wrote on Wednesday.
Sen. Martin Heinrich (D-NM): Yes
Sen. Heinrich tweeted Friday morning saying the impeachment trial wouldn’t be a fair one without witnesses.
“You can’t have a legitimate acquittal without a fair trial,” he added.
Sen. Mazie Hirono (D-HI): Yes
Sen. Hirono has not issued an official statement on impeachment but did tweet Thursday that President Trump has been “let off the hook” by Republicans.
Sen. John Hoeven (R-ND): No
Sen. Hoeven has not released a statement on witnesses and has not tweeted about his decision.
Sen. Cindy Hyde-Smith (R-MS): No
Sen. Hyde-Smith has not released an official statement on witnesses but has called the impeachment hearings a “great American tragedy.”
Sen. James Inhofe (R-OK): No
Sen. Inhofe asked a question about the need for witnesses during the questioning period of the trial this week.
“Even if additional witnesses are called, do you ever envision the House Managers agreeing there has been a fair Senate trial if it ends in the President’s acquittal?” he asked.
Sen. Ron Johnson (R-WI): No
Sen. Johnson has not released a statement on witnesses and has not tweeted about his decision.
Sen. Doug Dones (D-AL): Yes
Sen. Jones tweeted a video message Friday calling it “incredibly unfortunate” that it appears no new witnesses will be called.
Sen. Tim Kaine (D-VA): Yes
Sen. Kaine posted a message on Facebook on Friday calling the vote on witnesses “a vote to determine whether this is a trial or a sham.”
“It’s so important for the American people to see that the Senate, in an impeachment trial of the President, would try to be at least as fair as the traffic court in the city of Richmond,” he added.
Sen. John Kennedy (R-LA): No
Sen. Kennedy has not released an official statement on witnesses but did respond to Bolton’s book saying it didn’t answer the question of why President Trump asked for an investigation.
Sen. Angus King (I-ME): Yes
Sen. King tweeted a simple message on Friday in support of witnesses.
“We need to hear from John Bolton,” he said.
Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-MN): Yes
Sen. Klobuchar, one of the senators still in the 2020 presidential race, appeared on a radio show this week calling for more witnesses to testify.
“We shouldn’t be afraid of the facts,” she said. “We need to get to the bottom of this, now that we’re in this situation, we need to fully understand what happened.”
Sen. James Lankford (R-OK): No
Sen. Lankford has not released an official statement but did tweet this week that, “ohn Bolton is no shrinking violet, if he has insight or information he should share it now.”
Sen. Patrick Leahy (D-VT): Yes
Sen. Leahy has voiced his support for calling additional witnesses.
“I hope all senators realize the decisions we make today will define our system of government for years to come,” he tweeted Friday.
Sen. Mike Lee (R-UT): No
Sen. Lee has not released an official statement on witnesses but did question the “standard” of impeachment “embraced by the House managers” in a tweet on Thursday.
Sen. Kelly Loeffler (R-GA): No
Sen. Loeffler has not released an official statement on witnesses but has voiced her opposition to the impeachment trial, calling it a “circus.”
Sen. Joe Manchin (D-WV): Yes
Sen. Manchin has not released an official statement but has said to news outlets that it’s important to see relevant documents and hear from witnesses.
Sen. Edward Markey (D-MA): Yes
Sen. Markey has not released an official statement on witnesses.
Sen. Mitch McConnell (R-KY): No
Sen. McConnell, the Senate Majority Leader, released a statement on Wednesday saying the Senate has already heard from 13 witnesses in 192 video clips.
Sen. Martha McSally (R-AZ): No
Sen. McSally tweeted Wednesday that it’s time to vote on impeachment and return focus to other priorities.
Sen. Robert Menendez (D-NJ): Yes
Sen. Menendez joined other Democrats for a news conference earlier this week calling for witnesses.
“It is amazing that you have a witness who provides essential information to the core of article of impeachment number 1, Abuse of Power, who says, ‘I am willing to come forward,’ and to ultimately have our colleagues refuse to call on that person to come forward,” he said.
Sen. Jeff Merkley (D-OR): Yes
Sen. Merkley has not released an official statement but did tweet Friday afternoon criticizing another senator for voting against witnesses.
Sen. Jerry Moran (R-KS): No
Sen. Moran has not released an official statement.
Sen. Lisa Murkowski (R-AK): No
Sen. Murkowski was one of the Republican senators who was considered a swing vote. She announced Friday she would vote against additional witnesses.
“The House chose to send articles of impeachment that are rushed and flawed. I carefully considered the need for additional witnesses and documents, to cure the shortcomings of its process, but ultimately decided that I will vote against considering motions to subpoena,” she said.
Sen. Christopher Murphy (D-CT): Yes
Sen. Murphy addressed the call for witnesses during a Facebook Live video on Thursday, saying it would be “constitutional malpractice” to not ask for witnesses and documents.
“There has never ever been a trial in the history of the United States Senate – remember the Senate impeaches not just presidents, but judges as well – that did not have witnesses. And in fact, almost every trial that has occurred in the Senate has included witnesses that were not called before the House,” he said.
Sen. Patty Murray (D-WA): Yes
Sen. Murray tweeted Friday to “urge my colleagues to choose our country, our national security, our democratic institutions, & the rule of law above all else.”
Sen. Rand Paul (R-KY): No
Sen. Paul has not released an official statement but did tweet earlier this week questioning why John Bolton didn’t testify to the House.
House impeachment manager Rep. Adam Schiff has said the House did ask Bolton to testify but that he refused.
Sen. David Perdue (R-GA): No
Sen. Perdue told news outlets this week the House should have called witnesses during their impeachment inquiry.
Sen. Gary Peters (D-MI): Yes
Sen. Peters has not released a statement.
Sen. Rob Portman (R-OH): No
Sen. Portman released a statement Friday afternoon saying additional witnesses were not needed.
“I have said consistently for the past four months, since the Zelensky transcript was first released, that I believe that some of the president’s actions in this case – including asking a foreign country to investigate a potential political opponent and the delay of aid to Ukraine – were wrong and inappropriate. But I do not believe that the president’s actions rise to the level of removing a duly-elected president from office and taking him off the ballot in the middle of an election,” he said. “I also believe that processing additional witnesses will take weeks if not months, and it’s time for the House and Senate to get back to addressing the issues the American people are most concerned about.”
Sen. Jack Reed (D-RI): Yes
Sen. Reed has not released an official statement but tweeted a link to a New York Times report about John Bolton’s book.
“This,” he tweeted with an emoji of exclamation points.
Sen. James Risch (R-ID): No
Sen. Risch has not released an official statement.
Sen. Pat Roberts (R-KS): No
Sen. Roberts has not released an official statement.
Sen. Mitt Romney (R-UT): Yes
Sen. Romney has not released an official statement but told reporters this week he wants to hear from witnesses like John Bolton.
Sen. Jacky Rosen (D-NV): Yes
Sen. Rosen has not released an official statement but tweeted this week that, “I’m taking my constitutional duty in this trial seriously.”
Sen. Mike Rounds (R-SD): No
Sen. Rounds released a statement on Friday saying Congress has done its due diligence and does not need additional witnesses.
“Based on the Constitution, the facts presented to us by the House and the political nature of this entire impeachment process, it is clear to me we have the information necessary to make our decision,” he said. “Requiring witnesses would, unfortunately, legitimize the House process which brought accusations without substantiation of fact.”
Sen. Marco Rubio (R-FL): No
Sen. Rubio tweeted his statement on Friday saying he would not call for witnesses.
“Just because actions meet a standard of impeachment does not mean it is in the best interest of the country to remove a President from office,” he said.
Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-VT): Yes
Sen. Sanders, who is still in the 2020 presidential race, tweeted Friday that a fair trial needs witnesses.
“What are Republicans afraid of?” he said.
Sen. Ben Sasse (R-NE): No
Sen. Sasse has not released an official statement.
Sen. Brian Schatz (D-HI): Yes
Sen. Schatz has not released an official statement but has been a vocal supporter of calling witnesses.
Sen. Chuck Schumer (D-NY): Yes
The Senate Minority Leader has led the calls for witnesses to testify in the trial.
He tweeted Friday saying, “the truth will eventually come out.”
Sen. Rick Scott (R-FL): No
Sen. Scott of Florida, one of the president’s biggest supporters in the Senate, has been vocal about his opposition to the impeachment trial.
“We’ve wasted enough time on this,” he tweeted this week. “Time to get back to work.”
Sen. Tim Scott (R-SC): No
Sen. Scott of South Carolina has not released an official statement on witnesses but told Nexstar DC correspondent Kellie Meyer this week that he’s not open to them.
Sen. Jeanne Shaheen (D-NH): Yes
Sen. Shaheen has not released an official statement.
Sen. Richard Shelby (R-AL): No
Sen. Shelby has not released an official statement.
Sen. Kyrsten Sinema (D-AZ): Yes
Sen. Sinema has not released an official statement.
Sen. Tina Smith (D-MN): Yes
Sen. Smith tweeted Friday calling for Bolton to testify.
“The truth will come out,” she said. “It always does.”
Sen. Debbie Stabenow (D-MI): Yes
Rep. Stabenow has not released an official statement.
Sen. Dan Sullivan (R-AK): No
Sen. Sullivan has not released an official statement.
Sen. Jon Tester (D-MT): Yes
Sen. Tester has not released an official statement.
Sen. John Thune (R-SD): No
Sen. Thune has not released an official statement.
Sen. Thom Tillis (R-NC): No
Sen. Tillis tweeted Friday saying it’s time to vote to acquit the president.
“We have heard 16 hours of questions from Senators to the House managers and White House counsel, and the Democrats still have a weak case against the President with no grounds to remove him,” he said.
Sen. Patrick Toomey (R-PA): No
Sen. Toomey has not released an official statement on witnesses but appeared on Fox News to explain his vote.
“We don’t need to drag this out any longer,” he said.
Sen. Tom Udall (D-NM): Yes
Sen. Udall tweeted Friday saying a trial without witnesses and documents is a cover-up.
“The American people are watching and what they want is for Congress to do its job. That means getting the full truth about @POTUS’ abuse of power,” he said.
Sen. Chris Van Hollen (D-MD): Yes
Sen. Van Hollen tweeted this week saying he hopes his Republican colleagues will call for witnesses.
Sen. Mark Warner (D-VA): Yes
Sen. Warner tweeted Friday about wanting John Bolton to testify.
“I have a feeling we’re all going to look pretty stupid when this book comes out if the Senate does not allow John Bolton to testify,” he said of Bolton’s forthcoming book.
Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-MA): Yes
Sen. Warren, one of the remaining presidential candidates who is also a member of the Senate, has been a vocal supporter of calling for witnesses and documents.
Sen. Sheldon Whitehouse (D-RI): Yes
Sen. Whitehouse joined several other senators in tweeting a New York Times article Friday about John Bolton’s forthcoming book.
“This story confirms – screams – the need for witnesses,” he said.
Sen. Roger Wicker (R-MS): No
Sen. Wicker has not released an official statement but tweeted several clips throughout the week of President Trump’s counsel Alan Dershowitz arguing against impeachment.
Sen. Ron Wyden (D-OR): Yes
Sen. Wyden has not released an official statement but joined fellow Democrats during a news conference this week about wanting witnesses.
Sen. Todd Young (R-IN): No
Sen. Young has not released an official statement on his vote.